The number of goods suspected of infringing IP rights seized in 2008 increased by 126%, from 79 million articles in 2007 to 178 million in 2008. This was the outcome of a recently published report edited by the European Commission - Taxation and Customs Union. The most detained items are CDs, DVDs and cassettes with the 44%, followed by cigarettes (23%), and clothing, shoes and accessories (10%). The pharmaceutical industry is strongly affected by this phenomenon. In fact, one of the largest product categories in terms of quantities of intercepted articles are medicines (+57 % in 2008). China was the top provenance country, with 54% of the total amount of infringing goods, but other countries were the main source for certain specific categories, such as Indonesia for foodstuff and beverages, the United Arab Emirates for cigarettes and India for medicines. The European Council endorsed a Customs Action Plan to combat IPR infringements for the years 2009 to 2012, on 16 March 2009. This plan is the result of a wide European anti-counterfeiting and anti-piracy strategy, which strengthens the international cooperation agreement on IPR Customs Enforcement sealed on 30 January 2009 between the EU and China.